Maxillofacial pathology is the combination of dentistry and pathology which deals with the identification, nature and management of diseases affecting the maxillofacial regions. Maxillofacial pathology mainly refers to the diseases of the mouth which relates to the structures like salivary glands, jaws, facial muscles and temporomandibular joints.
Oral microbiology may be an advanced ecological system wherever up to 700 species of microorganisms that is known. Some predominant categories present within the mouth include Streptococcus, Neisseria, Veillonella, eubacteria and different obligate anaerobes. These organisms maintain a mutualistic relationship with the host by preventing infective species from adhering to the membrane surface. Oral microflora will cause dental plaques, and also are a typical cause cavity and disease. Oral disease in an individual are often caused because of a mix of lack of oral hygiene and factors influencing the oral microbic community structure, like diet.
Maxillofacial surgery focuses on reconstructive surgery of face, oral cavity, neck, head and mouth and also facial cosmetic surgery. Maxillofacial surgery specialist acknowledges the conditions affecting teeth, jaws, soft tissues and bones.