6th Edition of International Conference on Dentistry
and Oral Health

August 11-13, 2022

August 11-13, 2022 | Online Event
ICDO 2022

Periodontal health in patients with orthodontic retainers

Olivera Terzieva Petrovska, Speaker at Dental events 2022
Goce Delcev University, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Title: Periodontal health in patients with orthodontic retainers

Abstract:

Abstract:
Different orthodontic appliances can cause periodontal inflammation. Fixed retainers, most commonly used orthodontic appliance to stabilize dental elements after orthodontic treatment can influence on the periodontal health, too. The main aim of this study was to make assessment periodontal tissue health status on lower incisors of patients with fixed mandibular retainers using objective periodontal indexes. Total numbers of 60 subjects, 30 male and 30 female patients with fixed mandibular retainers were included in this study. Before placing the retainer, an oral hygiene session and adequate periodontal treatment (if there was need) were performed on all patients. All the subjects were investigated after 3, 6 and 12 months. Plaque index by Silness & Loe;  Gingival index (GI) by Loe & Silness, probing depth, clinical loss of attachment and the presence of gingival recession were assessed on the six inferior frontal teeth. Results showed that the mean score for the Plaque Index (PI), after three months was 1.04, after six months was 1.28 and after 12 months was 1.55. The mean Gingival Index (GI) after 12 months was 1.74 and after three months was 1.12. Periodontal sockets and presence of gingival recession were found in just one patient (1.66 % form all subjects) in all three examined periods. In our study was found a statistically significant difference for the Plaque Indexes (P> 0.05) in both groups, with higher scores among subjects having retainers for 12 months. These results are similar to those for the gingival index. From the results obtained in this study, it can be concluded that for a period from 3, 6 to 12 months, even there are effects of the orthodontic retainers on the periodontal health, they are minimal.

Biography:

MSci. Olivera Terzieva- Petrovska participates in education of students at the Faculty of Medical Sciences at the University "Goce Delcev" in Stip, as a specialist in the practice of dental medicine program. She works in private dental offices as general practice dentist. She is the author or co-author of more than 20 scientific papers or presentations published in international journals or professional or scientific meetings. Also, Dr.Terzieva- Petrovska is the author of textbook for Geriatric dentistry. Currently she is on specialization in orthodontics.

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