Title: Computer-guided applications in oral & maxillofacial surgery: From virtual planning to clinical reality
The applications of computer-aided design and manufacturing techniques have been used over the past 20 years to assist and guide complex surgical repairs. The three dimensional (3D) surgical planning has wide applications in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, including orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, Dental Implants, trauma, etc. Pre-surgical planning softwares allows the surgeon to import two-dimensional computed tomography (CT) data and generate a precise three-dimensional virtual representation. The proposed surgical planning can then be performed in a virtual environment prior to the actual procedure. The 3D printed surgical guide splints and patient specific implants using stereolithographic and rapid prototyping techniques generated after virtual planning will soon be considered state of the art in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery.