HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at London, UK or Virtually from your home or work.

8th Edition of International Conference on Dentistry
and Oral Health

August 24-26, 2023

August 24-26, 2023 | London, UK
ICDO 2018

Ayman Hegab

Ayman Hegab, Speaker at International Dental Conferences
AL-Azhar Univeristy, Qatar
Title: How could the thickness of the occlusal splint for temporomandibular joint disc derangement be measured?

Abstract:

Internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has been defined as an abnormal positional relationship of the disk relative to the condylar head, fossa, and/or articular tubercle and is the major cause of jaw pain, clicking, and/or crepitation and limitation of opening .Different treatment modalities have been proposed for the management of internal derangement of the TMJ, including occlusal splints, physiotherapy, psychological treatment, medications, and surgical procedures. Of these modalities, splint therapy is considered a reversible nonsurgical treatment modality for the management of internal derangement (6) because it reduces the pain in the TMJ caused by excessive occlusal pressure from external forces. Thus, the splint restores blood circulation to the TMJ by maintaining a wide gap between the mandibular condyle and the mandibular fossa. While the effectiveness of occlusal splints for treating temporomandibular internal derangement remains debated, the use of splints is presently considered the most common treatment modality for temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, the effect of occlusal splint therapy on the disk-condyle relationship is still controversial. Published studies have described different vertical thicknesses varying from 1 mm to 8 mm. The best method to measure and select the accurate vertical thickness of the occlusal splint is still unsettled. Therefore, it is possible that improvement of the internal derangement of the TMJ after the application of a splint might vary between patients and among different studies. Hence, the selection of the vertical thickness of the occlusal splint should be based on scientific evidence. To our knowledge, no existing studies have thoroughly investigated changes in the disk-condyle relationship with different vertical thicknesses of the occlusal splint by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to select the most accurate and effective vertical thickness for the treatment of disk displacement with and without reduction. The present study aimed to investigate a new method of using MRI to assess the most effective vertical thickness of the occlusal splint for the management of TMJ internal derangement.

Biography:

Dr. Ayman Hegab is a Clinical Associate Professor of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine. Al-Azhar University. Cairo. Egypt.Editor: Journal of Dental Health, Oral Disorders & Therapy. Editor: Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health OMICS Group (USA). Editor: Journal of dentistry and orofacial surgery. Editor:International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science. Reviewer: Journal of Cancer and Tumor International. Reviewer: Journal of Dentistry OMICS Group (USA). Reviewer: Open Journal Stomatology (USA). Reviewer: British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research (UK). Member of Egyptian Dental Association.Member of Egyptian Society of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon.Doctor, s Degree (PhD) of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery focuses on the Alveolar Cleft, Faculty of Dental Medicine. Al-Azhar University. Cairo. February May 2007. Master’s Degree (MSc) of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery focuses on the TMJ Surgeries, Faculty of Dental Medicine. Al-Azhar University. Cairo. December 2003. Bachelor Degree (BDS) of Dental Medicine & Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo. May 1997. He has the privilege to design and introduce Tooth-Borne, CustomMade Distraction Device for closure of the alveolar cleft which is approved by American Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery (Hegab Alveolar Distraction Device). Also, He has the privilege design and introduce split acrylic splint for treatment of pediatric mandibular fracture which approved by the British journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Hegab Pediatric Mandibular FractureDevice). He has over 20 Publication in peer reviewed journals. He is one of AEEDC Young Researcher Award Participants for 2012 & 2013. He was Speaker in many of the international conferences in USA, Qatar and UAE.

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