Initially we will discuss the classifications of cysts and tumors of the jaws and their respective indications of treatment, we will talk about the possibilities of treatment of cysts and tumors of the jaws such as Marsupialization, decompression, enucleation, curettage, resections and applications accessory medications. Posteriorly, in the Presentation we will discuss conservative therapeutic possibilities for treatment and conduction of complex cases of cysts and tumors of the jaws. We have a series of clinical cases, with all clinical and radiographic proservation and possibilities of conservative therapeutic approaches. Conservative treatments aim primarily at complete resolution of cases with minimal trauma and attenuation of the chances of mutilation of these patients, primarily when these pathologies affect young patients. In this way, we will present at the congress a series of cases of cysts and tumors of the jaws in which we opt for more conservative approaches.