Marine corals have been discussed as potential human bone graM substitutes since 1979. The structure of marine coral is similar to human bone. Its components, structure and property are similar to the inorganic components of human bone. Coraline hydroxyapatite’s biocompatibility is derived from the exoskeleton of the “high content calcium carbonate sca?olds.”
Coraline hydroxyapatite is manufactured from marine coral. Marine coral has a trabecular structure similar to that of human bone. The bene?ts of Coraline hydroxyapatite include its biocompatibility, osteoconductivity, biodegradability and safety. It avoids immune rejection that may occur with the use of allograMs. Its rate of action depends on the porosity of the exoskeleton and the site of implantation.Its use as a carrier for autogenous bone graMs during oral surgical procedures including extractions, implant surgery and periodontal surgery will be presented. Coraline hydroxyapatite provides a structure and support mechanism to guide the formation of new bone. Synthesized hydroxyapatite o?ers poor porosity for the promotion of vascular and hard tissue. Coraline hydroxyapatite has a similar pore structure as human cancellous bone.
Cases will be presented via video, still photography and radiography to demonstrate the use of a Coraline hydroxyapatite bone graM to aid in the repair of alveolar bone in extraction sites, implant surgical sites, cases of peri-implantitis and periodontal surgery. A step-by-step guide will be exhibited so that clinicians may begin to apply this procedure in their own. practice.