HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Madrid, Spain or Virtually from your home or work.

9th Edition of International Conference on Dentistry
and Oral Health

September 02-04, 2024 | Madrid, Spain

September 02-04, 2024 | Madrid, Spain
ICDO 2017

Christina Mejersjo

Christina Mejersjo, Speaker at Oral Health Conferences
Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden
Title: Prophylactic intervention for temporomandibular pain and dysfunction: A methodological study

Abstract:

The prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) symptoms has been found 7-25 % in adolescents, and especially girls suffer frequently from TMD symptoms and headache associated with TMD, resulting in increased school absence and analgesics consumption, and an impaired quality of life. Clinical symptoms are few in children, but increases after puberty, and is higher in girls than boys. 
The knowledge about risk factors and risk behavior for developing TMD symptoms has increased during the last decade and will be presented. The effect of preventive information regarding TMD symptoms is not known and ought to be studied, and, eventually, promoting prophylactic measures.
A study with the aim of developing and testing a program for prophylactic health information regarding TMD symptoms was performed and will be presented. Girls at two high schools, 16 years of age, with and without symptoms, were invited to a health information and relaxation training, in groups of 8-10 girls at two occasions, and 60 girls participated. Structured information about risk behavior and risk factors for TMD symptoms was given, and general relaxation was trained. A follow-up three month after the intervention revealed that the frequency of reported headache once a week or more declined, from 49% to 35% (p=.002), as did the use of chewing gum (p=.002). The conclusion was that prophylactic information to adolescent girls may influence the oral habits and the frequency of TMD symptoms. Further studies will show if it is possible also to decrease the incidence of TMD symptoms among adolescents. 

Biography:

Christina Mejersjö is working as a specialist and supervisor at the Clinic of Orofacial Pain of Public Dental Health, Gothenburg. She is a specialist dentist of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, and of Oral Prosthodontics, and has a broad experience in these fields from patient treatment, lecturing and research. Her thesis dealt with the “Long-term development after treatment of mandibular dysfunction and osteoarthrosis”, and her research is closely connected to the clinical situation and the patient diagnoses and treatment, especially concerning TMJ osteoarthrosis, local and general relaxation, and the temporomandibular function among persons with muscle dystrophy.

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