Objective: The current prospective study aimed to describe a method using magnetic resonance image to assess the appropriate effective occlusal splint vertical thickness.
Study Design: the patients were diagnosed as having internal disc displacement of the TMJ was divided into two groups.
Group I (Disc Displacement with Reduction-DDR): This group was randomly subdivided into two subgroups. Subgroup IA (control group): patients treated using 3-mm-thick splints. Subgroup IB (study group): patients treated using MRI-based splint thickness.
Group II (Disc Displacement without Reduction-DDNR): This group was subdivided randomly into 2 subgroups. Subgroup IIA (control group): patients treated using 3-mm-thick splints.
Subgroup IIB (study group): patients treated using MRI-based splint thickness. The primary outcome variables were maximum voluntary mouth opening (MVMO) and visual analogue scale (VAS). The secondary outcome variable was joint sounds. The final sample was composed of 162 subjects (Group I = 90 and Group II = 72). Results: Statistical analysis showed significant improvement of the clinical outcome in subgroups IB and IIB as compared to that in subgroups IA and IIA. Conclusion: On the basis of MRI measurements and clinical outcome, the current study recommended 4 mm and 6mm vertical splint thickness for DDR and DDNR respectively for 1 year.
Dr. Ayman Hegab is a Clinical Associate Professor of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine. Al-Azhar University. Cairo. Egypt.Editor: Journal of Dental Health, Oral Disorders & Therapy. Editor: Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health OMICS Group (USA). Editor: Journal of dentistry and orofacial surgery. Editor:International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science. Reviewer: Journal of Cancer and Tumor International. Reviewer: Journal of Dentistry OMICS Group (USA). Reviewer: Open Journal Stomatology (USA). Reviewer: British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research (UK). Member of Egyptian Dental Association.Member of Egyptian Society of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon.Doctor, s Degree (PhD) of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery focuses on the Alveolar Cleft, Faculty of Dental Medicine. Al-Azhar University. Cairo. February May 2007. Master’s Degree (MSc) of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery focuses on the TMJ Surgeries, Faculty of Dental Medicine. Al-Azhar University. Cairo. December 2003. Bachelor Degree (BDS) of Dental Medicine & Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo. May 1997. He has the privilege to design and introduce Tooth-Borne, CustomMade Distraction Device for closure of the alveolar cleft which is approved by American Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery (Hegab Alveolar Distraction Device). Also, He has the privilege design and introduce split acrylic splint for treatment of pediatric mandibular fracture which approved by the British journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Hegab Pediatric Mandibular FractureDevice). He has over 20 Publication in peer reviewed journals. He is one of AEEDC Young Researcher Award Participants for 2012 & 2013. He was Speaker in many of the international conferences in USA, Qatar and UAE.