Title : Benefits of Laser Technologies in treatment of periodontitis
Any of conventional methods cannot completely eliminate the microorganisms from periodontal pockets. Use of antimicrobial drugs has a number of side effects, fungal infection and resistance of bacterial strains has increased significantly in recent years, and there is a tendency that such issue will continue in future.
The literature data demonstrate that the Laser application is one of the promising directions in modern periodontics and can bring benefits in treatment of periodontitis if type and parameters of Laser Technologies are correctly chosen.
Laser Technologies can give positive results due to photo and thermal disinfection of the periodontal pocket walls, photobiostimulation effect on the healing process at the cellular level, activation of a new connective ligament formation, deceleration of migration of elongated gingival epithelium into the periodontal pocket, helps to make the walls of capillaries and lymph vessels denser, creates a dry operating area by achieving of hemostasis and provides a good visual control. Minimal invasive of Laser intervention improves healing and reduces the damage of surrounding tissues, decreases postoperative edema in the recovery time and achieves high clinical results in the treatment of a number of Periodontal diseases. Laser surgery for Gingivectomy may be less painful and, therefore, requires less use of anesthesia and sedation than conventional scalpel surgery in oral soft tissue procedures, less prescribe drugs for pain relieve and for reduce signs of inflammation. But all these positive clinical advantages are effective when Laser parameters are accurately, correctly chosen and are used in compliance with scope of practice, experience and skills.